Vetterli rifle with repetition and double trigger model 1881

Design features

Denomination of the weapon: rifle with repetition for the police officers, model 1881

Markings on the box of breech: WAFFENFABRIK BERN (surmounted Swiss cross)

Serial number of the studied weapon: 19929.

Type of mechanism: with bolt, automatic armament with closing

Gauge: 10,4 x38 Vetterli.

Fusing: double annular percussion.

Double trigger; Schmidt system.

Principle of use: with magazine and in blow by blow.

Give rhythm shooting: with the magazine 21min, in blow by blow 13 blows min

Speed of the projectile: 432m/s.

Length and weight of the weapon without accessories: 1320mm/4,600Kg

Length of the barrel starting from the box of breech: 843mm

Stripes: 4 on the right with the step of 660mm, width of 4,5mm, depth 0,225mm.

Rise: with dial: model 1881 for the infantry and the police officers, graduated of 225 à1600m

Handlebar: fixed on the barrel.

Magazine: Tubular under the barrel.

Capacity; 12 Blows plus 1 in the trough.

Mounting: in drowning in two parts.

Bayonet: with two edges, teeth of saw to the back. Overall length 600mm, length of the blade480 mm, width 28mm. Weight 560g.


The feet of rise, the sheet as well as the extension with slide, the back plate, the trigger guard, the grenadière are punched of a “M” overcome of the Swiss cross (punch to be allotted to the controller “Mechel” since 1867.

The nasturtium, the trough are punched of a “S” surmounted of the Swiss cross (punch to be allotted to the controller Schenk.

All the other punched various letters, surmounted parts its Swiss cross


The inventor of the trigger Rudolf Schmidt (federal controller of weapons, then, in 1881 Director of the factory of weapons of Bern)

It was strongly question, at the time removing the double trigger in order to realize supplements it uniformity of the weapons of the infantry, but this attempt ran up against the savage will of the police officers to preserve their principal distinctions with respect to the fusiliers, the “trigger-carabinière” With the stand, this one is favorable since the standard weight of 2500g is lowered to 250g.

Double trigger Schmidt 1881

While pressing on the strip of the double trigger, one arms the spring with trigger,

While the nozzle of the double trigger drops and comes to cling in the notch of the trigger under the impulse within the competence of trigger. This spring makes office at the same time, of snap ring. To release the whole and to disarm, it is enough to overcome the effect of the snap ring by a light pressure on the trigger; the trigger clinging in the notch of the trigger, the latter is highly lowered and gives off the striker which leaves to strike the cartridge. With the means adjustable tangent, one regulates the weight of the double trigger.

The rise Schmidt 1881

Concerning the rise it were developed by Rudolf Schmidt. The cheeks of protection of the foot of Rise are a little higher, that of left is graduated outside 225 with 1200meters; in its inferior position, the rise always corresponds to 225 meters. The sheet of rise is driven inside the cheeks, but it is accompanied on the left by a blade by reinforcement. To shoot with the distances from 1250 to1600 meters, a extension with slide leaves the sheet of rise, but then for the distance of1600 meters, the bead dominates the barrel of 94mm.